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Windows and Windows Server: features and differences

On the surface, they may look similar, but Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 are two very different operating systems: that’s why.

One of the greatest advantages of Windows compared to other operating systems is its versatility and the possibility of being used in the most varied environments and situations. The Microsoft operating system easily performs its work in both professional and home settings, running software and applications of all kinds: from productivity platforms to design software; from video games to photo editing programs or to edit video. And where the “long tentacles” of the standard operating platform do not arrive, Redmond’s engineers intervene to adapt it to new needs.

Thus, even if Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 seem virtually identical, the two operating systems are optimized to work in very different environments and situations. The first excel in daily use; the second, instead, is designed and designed to manage networks of various sizes: from that of the small office to larger networks. In short, if you ask Windows Server what it is for, know that the answer is already in the question: it is an operating system optimized for the creation and management of computer networks of every type and size.

Windows 10 and Windows Server share part of the code

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If you put side by side two PCs with “clean” installations of Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 you would hardly be able to distinguish one from the other. At first glance, in fact, the two operating systems appear to be identical and the reason is easy to say. Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 share much of the kernel, including the “instructions” that design the graphical interface. The two operating platforms, of course, can also run the same software: if you wish, you could install Chrome and Office on Windows Server 2016 and use them without problems.

The similarities, however, end here . As mentioned, Windows 10 is optimized for everyday home and professional use, while Windows Server is designed to be installed on a server and manage computer networks of various sizes. Although it has a graphical interface – the same as the “twin” for home use – Microsoft recommends disabling it or even not installing it and managing the network via the command line.

Windows Server contains software for managing networks

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Given the purpose for which it was developed, Windows Server natively provides software, applications and utilities necessary for the management of computer networks. Instead of finding software like Edge, Cortana or the Microsoft Store, inside we will find features such as DHCP services, Active Directory Domainservices and many others useful for the remote management of dozens of computer machines. Thanks to Windows Server, for example, it will be possible to distribute software updates among all PCs on the same network, so as to speed up updating operations and avoid wasting download time on each individual machine.

Windows Server supports more powerful hardware

Compared to Windows 10, Windows Server can handle far more powerful hardware. While the “home” operating system can handle up to 2 terabytes of RAM, Windows Server supports up to 24 terabytes of working memory. Similar speech when switching to CPU management and usage. Windows 10 Home version supports only one physical processor and manages up to 32 cores (in the 32 bit version) or 256 cores (in the 64 bit version); Windows Server can manage up to 64 physical CPUs and an infinite number of cores.

Windows Server is “locked”

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Being designed and designed for the management of computer networks, Windows Server has more advanced and incisive IT security features and tools compared to Windows 10. Although it can browse normally online, Windows Server does not allow you to visit any URL: if, for example, you try downloading Chrome for web browsing, you will have to add exceptions to the internal firewall so that you can reach Google’s servers without headaches.

At the same time, Windows Server does not support the use of Microsoft accounts: in order to use it, it will be necessary to create a local user, so that the settings of your personal profile – and of the network you manage – cannot be automatically synchronized on other machines or devices.